About Israel

Israel – the land of the Bible

Israel is a country with a unique history carved into a beautiful landscape. Strewn with testaments of the past, this magnificent land tells a story that will feel familiar yet foreign. The birthplace of both Judaism and Christianity and containing many holy Muslim sites, a visit to Israel is a journey into the womb of civilization.

Israel’s unique history

Israel is also known as the Holy Land. For centuries, pilgrims have visited this area to travel the land walked by Abraham, David, Solomon, Jesus, the apostles, and the Prophet Muhammad. Israel has an amazing array of biblical and sacred sites including the Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

In addition, the Israeli landscape is littered with important archeological finds dating back thousands of years – a testimony to the many peoples and cultures that have inhabited this land. Anyone interested in archeology, ancient history, the Bible and religion will find Israel a fascinating place.

Israel’s geography

The State of Israel is a parliamentary democracy whose capital is Jerusalem. Located in the Middle East on the Mediterranean Sea, Israel borders Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Israel is a small country, around the size of Slovenia and New Jersey. However, despite its size, Israel has a diverse topography with a desert in the south and snow-capped mountains in the north. Israel’s unique geographic sites include the Dead Sea, the lowest body of water on Earth.

Israel’s climate

With a Mediterranean climate, Israel enjoys hot, rainless summers and relatively short, rainy winters. Summers are humid along the Mediterranean coast but dry in the central highlands and in the Negev Desert. It does not rain from June through September, with July and August being the hottest months at 22-33°C (72-91°F) on average across the country. More than 90% of the rainfall occurs between November and March, with January being the coldest month with temperatures ranging from 6-15°C (43 to 59°F).

The peoples of Israel

Israel, being a land of immigrants, has a diversified population. There are 7.5 million people living in Israel of which 5.7 million are Jewish. 16% of the population is Muslim, 2% is Christian and 2% are Druze. There are also approximately 3,000 Circassians, 2,500 Lebanese, and 5,000 Armenians. Hebrew and Arabic are official languages with English being widely known.

Flights to Israel

View links to airlines offering flights to Israel:

www.elal.co.il/ELAL/English/States/General/

www.arkia.com

www.britishairways.com

www.lufthansa.com